What causes cancer in children and how can it be avoided?


Posted: 2023-04-07 23:20:14

People of all ages, including children, can develop cancer. Although childhood cancer is relatively rare, it is still a significant health concern. In this blog post, we will explore what causes cancer in children and what steps can be taken to reduce the risk.

What causes cancer in children?

Cancer in children is caused by genetic mutations, exposure to carcinogens, and lifestyle factors, just like in adults. However, there are some specific risk factors associated with childhood cancer.

  • Genetic factors:

Certain genetic mutations inherited from one or both parents, or that occur spontaneously during development, can increase a child's risk of cancer. Down syndrome and other genetic syndromes are also associated with an increased risk of cancer.

  • Environmental factors:

Exposure to environmental factors like radiation, chemicals, and certain viruses can increase the risk of cancer in children.

  • Lifestyle factors:

While lifestyle factors like diet and exercise are important for overall health, there is no clear evidence that they play a significant role in the development of childhood cancer.

How can childhood cancer be prevented?

Although there is no guaranteed way to prevent childhood cancer, parents and caregivers can take steps to reduce the risk:

  • Limiting exposure to carcinogens:

Reducing exposure to environmental carcinogens can help lower the risk of cancer in children. This can include avoiding smoking and secondhand smoke, choosing non-toxic household cleaners and personal care products, and limiting exposure to pesticides and other chemicals.

  • Practicing sun safety:

Parents should ensure that children are properly protected from the sun by using sunscreen, wearing protective clothing, and avoiding midday sun exposure.

  • Ensuring proper vaccination:

A few immunizations, such the HPV vaccine, can aid in the prevention of a few cancer types. Parents are responsible for making sure their kids have had all the prescribed vaccines.

  • Maintaining a healthy lifestyle:

Encourage children to eat a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein, and to engage in regular physical activity.

  • Regular health checkups:

Regular checkups with a healthcare provider can help detect cancer early and improve the chances of successful treatment. Parents should ensure that their children receive regular health checkups and discuss any concerns with their healthcare provider.


Childhood cancer is a rare but serious health concern that can affect children of all ages. By limiting exposure to environmental carcinogens, practicing sun safety, ensuring proper vaccination, maintaining a healthy lifestyle, and scheduling regular health checkups, parents can help reduce the risk of cancer in their children. It is important for parents to be aware of the risk factors for childhood cancer and to discuss any concerns with their healthcare provider.

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